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Q: Exotic Newcastle Overview

A:

Exotic Newcastle Also called
Pseudo-plague, Asiatic Newcastle, VVND, NVND, Velogenic Newcastle, VN, Pneumoencephalitis

Prevalence-
Rare

Signs
General signs -
Sudden death with no prior symptoms, or respiratory signswith a neurological component, including paralysis or partial paralysis of limbs, head twisting, walking in circles, walking backwards, clumsiness, tremors. Loose droppings, bleeding nares, pale discharge from eyes and nares, sudden stop in laying, misshapen eggs, egg color changes, drop in interior egg quality, swollen eyes.
Cardinal or diagnostic signs -
Lab ID.

Cause/s -
Paramyxovirus

Communicability -
Quite contagious. This is a reportable disease.

Communicability to humans -
Humans can get a mild conjunctival (eye) infection from sick birds, or from mishandling the vaccine

Incubation period -
48 hours to 12 days

Latent
Yes.

Endemic
Yes.

Home treatment and/or prevention -
Prevention: Practice good biosecurity---always observe quarantine when introducing new birds to your flock. Some vaccinations can require frequent boosters and some methods of vaccination are only about 85% effective. In-ovo vaccinations are more effective, but take 3 - 4 weeks to provide full immunity.

Treatment: None. Euthanasia is recommended. Premises and equipment must be thoroughly sanitized afterward. The virus can survive for a month in bedding, droppings, eggs.

Veterinary care - Euthanasia

Recovery - Half or more of birds with this illness will die. Survivors become carriers, and may pass the illness to wild birds and endanger commercial flocks. This is a reportable disease. Euthanasia is recommended.

Other conditions, illnesses and/or diseases with similar signs:
Can be mistaken for Infectious Bronchitis, Domestic Newcastle,Avian Influenza, Coryza, and other respiratory ailments. Can also be mistaken for Fowl Cholera, coccidiosis, and other illnesses producing digestive symptoms. Occasionally the neurological issues are mistaken for Mareks or Lymphoid Leucosis (when one leg seems lame).

Also consider browsing through this list of other chicken illnesses with respiratory symptoms, or this list of chicken illnesses with neurological symptoms.