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Q: Polyneuritis Overview

A:

Polyneuritis Also called
Star gazing, Thiamine deficiency

Prevalence-
Uncommon, particularly so in backyard flocks with access to pasture.

Signs
General signs -
Lack of appetite, lethargy, head shaking or tremors, eventually convulsions
Cardinal or diagnostic signs -
"Star gazing," meaning the birds assume a posture of looking at the sky. This is due to paralysis of the neck muscles. After star gazing develops the birds may soon be unable to stand at all, but will lay with their heads still in the star gazing posture.

Cause/s -
Nutritional deficiency of Thiamine.

Communicability -
Not communicable, but many members of a flock may share this problem if they're on the same deficient feed.

Communicability to humans -
No.

Incubation period -
None, but as a deficiency, it takes some time to develop: around three weeks after starting a thiamine deficient diet

Latent
No

Endemic
No

Home treatment and/or prevention -
Prevention: Provide a good, fresh, nutritionally balanced feed for your flock. Don't make the mistake of offering something like scratch only, or kitchen scraps only.

Treatment: Supplement with Thiamine.

Veterinary care - A veterinarian can diagnose this problem and suggest good supplements. Birds with a severe deficiency will refuse all food, so a veterinarian in those situations would be able to provide an injectable form so the birds will resume eating.

Recovery - In birds that haven't sustained permanent neurological damage, full recovery with supplementation and a balanced diet.

Other conditions, illnesses and/or diseases with similar signs:
Early stages may be mistaken for other neurological illnesses, such as encephalomalacia..

Also consider browsing through this list of other chicken illnesses with neurological symptoms.